TRAINING AS A JUNGIAN ANALYST
The International Association of Analytical Psychologists (IAAP) is committed to training prospective Jungian Analysts through the institutes and associations existing in different parts of the world. In South Africa the Southern African Association of Jungian Analysts (SAAJA) is the body accredited to carry out this training.
Although training by SAAJA is based in Cape Town, there is provision for the training of therapists who are located at a distance from Cape Town in other parts of Southern Africa. The process and requirements of the training programme are set out below.
TRAINING THROUGH THE SOUTHERN AFRICAN ASSOCIATION OF JUNGIAN ANALYSTS (SAAJA)
The Southern African Association of Jungian Analysts (SAAJA) – hereafter referred to as the Association – offers psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, and other suitably qualified psychotherapists, a training programme in preparation for certification as an analytical psychologist/ Jungian analyst. This is a post-graduate training leading to an international qualification as an analytical psychologist/Jungian analyst, which automatically ensures membership of the International Association of Analytical Psychology (IAAP).
The training is offered part-time in Cape Town and the training programme extends over a
minimum of four years. The training programme will start February 2015 and will run until
December 2018. It will take the form of 6 intensive weekends a year. The venue will be the C.
G. Jung Centre, Rosebank, Cape Town. Should there, in any of the training years, be a visiting
analyst, one of the training weekends will be coordinated with one of the six weekends. Intake of
training candidates will be at the start of the training, and on a four yearly basis.
The training programme has three aspects: personal analysis, supervision and seminars, Personal analysis is the foundation of the training programme and provides the means for the individual to find his/her identity as a person and as an analyst by establishing a meaningful dialectical relationship with her/his psyche. In supervision, the candidate develops a way of applying the training experience to his/her individual psychotherapeutic style. A working knowledge of the conceptual framework is developed through seminars, clinical discussions, and recommended reading.
During the course of training, changes may be made to the training requirements as outlined in the Training Brochure. The professional body (SAAJA) will carefully consider any possible changes to the Training Brochure. Only carefully considered changes will be implemented and an updated Training Brochure will immediately be forwarded to all candidates whenever any such changes occur.
Prerequisite Qualifications for Application to the Training Programme
1. Personal Analysis
Prospective applicants must be practicing psychotherapists and must have completed a minimum of 150 hours of depth psychotherapy over a period of at least two years. If 150 hours of analysis were completed with a Jungian analyst prior to entry into the programme, 100 of these hours will be credited towards certification. It is assumed that the applicant will examine carefully with her/his personal analyst/therapist his/her psychological readiness to begin analytic training at the time contemplated.
2. Academic Training and Clinical Experience
The Association offers a highly specialised training programme in Jungian psychology, both theory and practice. The level of this work requires and presupposes that an applicant has a thoroughgoing knowledge of, and a substantial amount of experience in, the general field of psychotherapy prior to admission to the programme. Applicants must be trained as psychotherapists and must be practicing psychotherapists. Applicants must be registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) and be eligible for adequate malpractice insurance.
The Association will consider applications from individuals who have completed this prerequisite training and experience in one of the following categories:
Individuals holding a specialist psychiatry degree, registered with the Health Professionals Council of South Africa (HPCSA), with at least two years of psychotherapy experience post registration. The applicant must be actively engaged in the practice of psychotherapy.
Applicants must have a Masters Degree (or higher) in clinical or counselling psychology, be registered with the HPCSA, with at least two years of psychotherapy experience post registration. The applicant must be actively engaged in the practice of psychotherapy.
Individuals who do not qualify in either Category A or B above, but who, in the judgement of the Assessment and Review Committee, possess potential to become Jungian analysts by virtue of education, experience, personal attributes and other qualities. Individuals applying for admission in this category must show satisfactory evidence of training and experience in psychotherapy equivalent to that of Categories A and B. Applicants in this category must hold the equivalent of a masters or medical degree from a recognized university and must have a minimum of five years of clinical experience beyond a masters degree under the close supervision of a qualified psychotherapist. Supervision by a qualified Jungian analyst for a significant portion of this time is desirable. The applicant must be actively engaged in the practice of psychotherapy; must be able to demonstrate competence in the field of psychotherapy and must be registered with the HPCSA.
Jungian analysts who are members of the International Association for Analytical Psychology may apply for membership in this Association (SAAJA). In view of licensing requirements, special consideration will be given to applicants on an individual basis in each case.
Application for Training
Qualifying individuals who wish to apply must complete the application form and submit it to the Assessment and Review Committee, together with a non-refundable application fee.
If an applicant is not accepted for training, reapplication at a later stage is possible. Reapplication requires payment of the fee and submission of a new and complete application. Applicants who progress to the interview stage are required to pay a further fee to the interviewing analysts.
Upon receipt of the application form, fee and all supporting documents, the Assessment and Review Committee reviews the credentials according to the following criteria:
- Adequacy and extent of basic training.
- Amount, breadth, and quality of professional experience.
- Evidence of special aptitude and competence in the field of psychotherapy.
- Applicant’s reputation among colleagues and supervisors for standards of personal and professional integrity.
- Evidence of his/her potential for becoming a Jungian analyst.
If the applicant appears to qualify, an evaluation of his/her personal, social and professional maturity, suitability and readiness is made by personal interviews with members of the Assessment and Review Committee. In addition to the individual interviews, the applicant will also be required to meet with the Assessment and Review Committee. At the discretion of the Assessment and Review Committee, a presentation of a work sample may be requested, e.g. a case presentation. Supplementary information may also be requested. The Committee will be concerned in the interviews especially with the applicant’s potential to become a Jungian analyst.
The curriculum of the Training Programme
The curriculum consists of four years of seminars taught by the members of the Association. The seminars will be conducted over five intensive training weekends. There will be five 90 minute seminars each weekend beginning on Friday evening and extending through Sunday lunchtime. The aim is to develop a solid foundation of analytical psychology/Jungian theory. Readings from Jung's original works, later Jungian writers as well as some clinical findings that have bearing on the analytical psychology/Jungian paradigm, will be studied. Jung's concepts will be located in the context of our times, and specifically in the South African context.
The four years cover basic theoretical and clinical material, including: basic concepts, complexes, archetypes, connection of Jungian concepts to other psychodynamic theories, a analytical psychology/Jungian view of psychopathology; analytic technique (including dream interpretation), typology, trans-cultural issues; developmental theory; transference and counter-transference. A current seminar programme is available on request.
Candidates are required to submit a written paper biannually on a topic of their own choice from a list of questions submitted by analysts that presented seminars. The purpose of these papers is to afford the candidate the opportunity to integrate theory with clinical practice. The paper is discussed with the relevant analyst that had submitted the question and the candidate and analyst together formulate a report that is forwarded to the Assessment and Review Committee.
When there are visiting analysts, the candidates will be expected to attend seminars conducted by the visiting analyst and to obtain supervision from the analyst at the candidate’s expense.
There will be a group meeting with two facilitators on Saturday afternoons during the training weekends. This will give candidates an opportunity to get to know one another and also provide a forum to engage in a process around the training experience.
Participation in a compulsory wilderness trail experience is planned for sometime during the second year of the training programme.
A minimum of 400 hours of Jungian analysis is required during training for certification.
If 150 hours of analysis were completed with a Jungian analyst prior to entry into the programme, 100 of these hours will be credited towards certification and only 300 hours of individual analysis will be required. If there were less than 150 hours of analysis with a Jungian analyst prior to commencement of the training, the Assessment and Review Committee should be approached to determine the exact amount of hours for which credit will be given.
Face to face analysis is the preferred and recommended option wherever possible. In the event of this not being possible, or being problematic, it is recommended that candidates from other centres who choose to be in analysis with a Cape Town analyst meet with this analyst over the training weekends for several face to face sessions. Extended sessions may be an option if that is acceptable to both parties. It is proposed that face-to-face analysis make up a minimum of forty percent of the analytic hours, i.e. 160 hours of the total of 400 analytic hours. If, however, only 300 hours of analysis are required (see above), the requirement for face to face analysis of forty percent of the analytic hours would be a total of 120 hours.
Skype or telephonic sessions may be used to supplement face-to-face analysis up to a maximum of sixty percent of the required 400 sessions, i.e. 240 hours of the total analytic hours. Alternatively, if only 300 hours of analysis are required, Skype or telephonic sessions may also be used to a maximum of sixty percent, namely, 180 hours. It is recommended that these sessions be scheduled such that; time, duration and setting are constant in order to provide the necessary containment for the process.
Should it become apparent during the course of the analytic process that more face to face sessions are desirable, this will be discussed by the analyst and candidate and the necessary adjustments made. In order to allow for greater flexibility regarding the frequency of analysis during the course of training, depending on individual circumstances, a candidate can make application to the A&R Committee via email to vary the frequency of sessions. Exco will be apprised of any such changes.
Once the candidate has completed the requisite hours of personal analysis but has not yet achieved certification, it is a requirement of the training programme that the candidate will remain in at least weekly analysis until certification.
The following additional requirement will be added to future training courses: Fifty percent of the required minimum number of personal analysis sessions will have to take place at a frequency of at least twice a week for a consecutive period of two years. All the other requirements as stated above will still remain in place, and candidates will be allowed to apply to the A&R committee for a relaxation of this requirement should personal circumstances make it difficult or inappropriate to fulfil this added requirement.
Supervision may begin once the candidate has been accepted into the training programme. A minimum of 160 hours of supervision is required in order to complete the training programme. During the course of training supervision is required with at least two different analysts, with a minimum of 30 hours with any one analyst. At least one training patient should be seen continuously for eighteen months at a minimum of twice weekly. If any candidate has difficulty in this regard, they may approach the A&R. It is strongly recommended that the candidate receive supervision with regard to both male and female patients.
Face to face supervision remains the preferred and recommended option. For candidates in centres not in easy reach of supervising Jungian analysts, at least 40% of supervision, namely, 64 hours, must be face to face, This can be arranged during the bimonthly seminar weekends. The remainder, namely, 96 hours, can be done via Skype or telephone if necessary. A regular schedule regarding such sessions is recommended.
Once the candidate has completed the requisite hours of supervision but has not yet achieved certification, it is left to the discretion of the candidate to seek supervision when she/he feels the need and when this is deemed appropriate.
Analysis and Supervision – changes or interruption
Should candidates change their analyst or supervisor the Assessment and Review Committee must be informed in writing via email. If a candidate intends to interrupt his/her analysis or supervision at any time, this must first be discussed with the Assessment and Review Committee.
Total Tuition Cost
Candidates will be required to pay an annual tuition fee. All fees are subject to change on an annual basis. Fees outstanding for ninety days or more will accrue interest charges. Candidates who have unpaid fees after twelve months may be suspended. The costs of personal analytic sessions are paid directly by the candidate to the relevant analyst. The candidate will be required to participate in supervision on a weekly basis with at least two analysts for the duration of the training. The supervisor is also to be paid directly by the candidate. There will be an additional tuition fee for seminars and for the supervision sessions with the overseas analyst. Fees for those candidates who have completed four years of seminars will be reduced by 50% of the full fees until certification.
Assessment and Review Committee (A&R Committee)
The function of the A&R Committee is to coordinate feedback and reports from supervisors and seminar leaders overseeing essays, as well as any additional feedback from seminar presenters. The A&R Committee will meet with the candidate periodically throughout the training in order to provide an opportunity for discussion between A&R and the candidate regarding the candidate’s experiences in the programme and also to give A&R an opportunity to give feedback to the candidate regarding his/her progress. The purpose of the feedback to the candidate is to affirm the positive aspects of their training experience and also to help raise awareness regarding any difficulties noted by supervisors, seminar leaders and analysts overseeing essays. The candidate is then encouraged to carefully consider this feedback and to take whatever they deem relevant to process in their analysis.
The function of the A&R Committee is thus to both monitor the progress of the candidate in the training programme and also to provide a forum for discussion and feedback.
It needs to be emphasized that information shared with the candidate’s personal analyst during training will not form any part of the assessment process, as this information and the process of analysis is regarded as strictly confidential. Should any candidate’s analyst be on the A&R Committee, that analyst will recuse themselves from any discussion or assessment of the candidate. Should any candidate choose to analyse with an analyst who is on the A&R Committee, that analyst would recuse themselves from any future discussion or assessment of the candidate in order to ensure absolute confidentiality of the analytic process.
During the course of training, any candidate may approach the A&R Committee with any request related to the functioning of the A&R Committee. Certain concessions can be made depending on the circumstances of each individual candidate.
On-going assessment will be informed by the following:
- Reports from supervisors.
- Reports and communications from seminar facilitators, other training analysts and visiting analysts throughout the duration of the training programme.
- Evaluation report of the periodic short essay on a seminar topic
- Discussion with the Assessment and Review Committee of a clinical vignette before the end of the second year
- Periodic interviews with the Assessment and Review Committee
The programme as a whole is divided into two stages:
This is a period of mutual evaluation between the candidate and the Association as to suitability for further training, and is a trial period lasting at least one year. Candidates in the Preliminary stage will meet with the A&R Committee at six-monthly intervals.
Advancement to ‘full’ candidacy is an individual matter. Each candidate is expected to consider carefully his/her subjective sense of readiness for advancement and to deal with it in her/his personal analysis. In addition, the Assessment and Review Committee will assess individual progress and development through interviews and through consultation with supervisors, seminar leaders and other analysts in contact with the candidate, excluding the candidate’s personal analyst. This assessment will take place bi-annually for the first two years and thereafter annually in a formal meeting with the A&R Committee.
The A&R Committee determines the length of the Preliminary period according to the above criteria. After one or more years, the Preliminary Candidate advances to the Candidacy stage.
Delay or deferment of advancement to Candidacy or of Certification may occur at any point during training. This may be requested by the candidate or may be the result of a considered decision of the candidate and/or the appropriate Committee. This does not in itself jeopardise future advancement in the programme. However, the Assessment and Review Committee, with the agreement of the Executive Committee of the Association, are empowered to recommend complete withdrawal from the training programme, if this is deemed appropriate. A candidate who is dissatisfied with a decision so made, and who is unable to resolve such dissatisfaction with the Committee concerned, may request the President to convene a Candidate Review Board to review that decision.
When the candidate has successfully completed the advanced seminars and supervision and accumulated the required number of hours of analysis, she/he may apply in writing to the Assessment and Review Committee for evaluation and permission to present a case before the Committee. In choosing an appropriate case for the final case report, it is recommended that the candidate discuss this with her/his supervisor and that a case is chosen with whom the candidate has worked in depth for an extended period of time.
Guidelines for the case report:
- What is required is an in-depth case report showing an understanding of the person’s psychology, the process of the therapy and how the work has been informed by an understanding of analytical psychology.
- The case report needs to reflect how the candidate works in analysis.
- Approximate length: 50 double-spaced pages.
- Sufficient copies for examiners (three).
Confidentiality is assured and the reports will be destroyed after the process has been completed.
If the case presentation proves satisfactory and if, in the judgement of the Assessment and Review Committee, the candidate has achieved the necessary maturity and fitness, the Committee certifies that she/he has completed his/her training to become a Jungian analyst. Members of the Association are notified that the candidate is eligible for election into membership and at the next formal meeting of the professional body of members a vote is taken as to whether the candidate be accepted as a member of SAAJA. The certified candidate is then inducted into the professional organisation during an induction ceremony at the time of a professional meeting of the Association.